Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is usually a term given to various treatments which can be performed to help achieve a successful pregnancy. ART cannot be defined in one single form. It is usually elaborated in contrast to intercourse as a way to reproduction. Henceforth, ART covers a wide range of infertility treatments.
ART is used to treat infertility. It consists of fertility treatment which includes both women’s egg and male sperm. The procedure includes removal of egg or ova from women’s body, the eggs are then mixed with sperms to make the embryos, ten finally the fertilized eggs are transferred to uterus. The most common and effective example of ART (ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY) is IVF ( IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION)
ART procedure also involves donor’s egg, donor’s sperm, or frozen embryos, or surrogate both traditional and gestational.
There’s a long and awaited history of doctors trying to provide ART to help childless couples have a baby and start a family. The most common complications of this procedure are the risk of multiple births. It can be prevented by reducing the number of embryos transferred into the women’s body.
The treatment for the patient depends upon the cause of infertility, and depending upon cause the following treatments can be suggested to the patients:
- In vitro fertilization
- Donor conception
- Gamete intrafallopian transfer
- Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
- Ovulation induction